What is the Feast of Unleavened Bread? (2)
The Feast of Unleavened Bread is to be celebrated on the fifteenth day of the first month by sacred calendar. It is the feast that commemorates Christ’s suffering on the cross (Leviticus 23:6). The Church of God celebrates the Feast of Unleavened Bread on the fifteenth day of the first month by the sacred calendar, following the teachings of the New Covenant established by Jesus Christ.
Origin of the Feast of Unleavened Bread
The Feast of Unleavened Bread originated from the Israelites’ suffering and the trials they experienced from the time they kept the Passover and left Egypt, until the time they crossed the Red Sea. Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, released the Israelites from their bondage in Egypt; but immediately changed his mind. He sent all the chariots of Egypt to chase after them, capture them and bring them back to Egypt. As Pharaoh’s army approached, the Israelites were terrified and cried out to the LORD. At that moment, God divided the Red Sea by Moses’ staff, revealing dry ground between the two walls of water.
It is written that God allowed six hundred thousand men to safely cross the Red Sea. Then, how many men and women do you think were among them? God protected all the Israelites from the Egyptian army by a pillar of cloud and a pillar of fire, delaying the Egyptains’ ability to chase after God’s people. We can only assume how hasty their departure was and how nervous the fugitives’ hearts were at that time. All of the difficulties and hardships that the Israelites endured during this time became the origin of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Exodus 14:1-31).
Prophecy and Fulfilment
The Feast of Unleavened Bread is a feast of suffering, representing the crucifixion of Jesus. The Israelites’ traveling into the Red Sea represented Jesus’ going into the tomb. Their landing on the other side of the Red Sea represented His resurrection, the significance of which is implied in the baptism we undergo now.
On the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Moses led the natural Israelites from Egypt into the Desert of Sinai. And on this feast Jesus led the spiritual Israelites from this sinful world into the desert of faith. Whoever believes in Christ and is baptised symbolically crosses the Red Sea and enters the desert of faith. When we commemorate the Feast of Unleavened Bread, we participate in Christ’s suffering. And we are given the power from God to endure the tribulations and hardships that we will face (Luke 22:43-44).
In the Old Testament times, God commanded His people to eat unleavened bread (bread made without yeast) and bitter herbs, so that they would remember their ancestors’ suffering. The unleavened bread was also called the “bread of affliction” (Deuteronomy 16:3). These events were a prophecy to reveal that Jesus would suffer, being hung on the cross. In the New Testament times, we participate in Christ’s sufferings by fasting, according to God’s command.
Mark 2:20 “But the time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them, and on that day they will fast.”